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The National Transplant Centre stems from law n. 91 dated 1st April 1999 as a technical body of the Ministry of Health and, although the establishment of a National Reference Centre was already foreseen by Law n. 644 of 1975, such a body was never implemented.
The Centre is located at the National Institute of Health, institutional place of the technical activities managed by the Ministry of Health. It is chaired by the President of the National Institute of Health (ISS), by the Director-General appointed by the Minister of Health, representatives of inter-regional or regional centers designated by the State-Regions Conference. It is a network that foster the participation of the representatives of those who actually work in the transplantation field, chosen through an authoritative indication of the regional national institutions that are those who actually organize and deliver the health care services within the public system.

Within the reorganization of the transplant system in Italy, the establishment of the National Centre was undoubtedly one of the most important innovations introduced by n.91 dated 1st April 1999. CNT was entrusted with the national coordination of the activity of donation, procurement and transplantation of organs, tissues and cells.

 CNT was entrusted with the national coordination of the activity of donation, procurement and transplantation of organs, tissues and cells.

In particular:

·         monitoring of donations, transplants and waiting lists through the information system;

·         the definition of guidelines and operational protocols;

·         the allocation of organs for urgent cases referred to the national catchment area;

·         the definition of the parameters for the auditing of the quality and the outcome of the structures for transplantation;

·         the promotion and coordination of relations with foreign institutions in the field.

To these pivotal tasks, the law adds the collaboration to the promotion of information on the activities of collection, donation and transplant of organs tissues and cells, the management of the IT system and, more generally, an effective role in the functions of organization and management of the transplant system.

 

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